>> Tanzania is waging a war against poaching. The county has lost 60% of its elephant population over a period of five years. Thus 67,000 animals feeding an illegal trade to places like China, the world's largest market for poached ivory. I'm Venus Wu in Tarangire National Park. Next to me are the remains of a 70 year old elephant, the matriarch of the family which was killed by poachers last October.
The poachers used axes and machetes to cut her face in half and extract the tusks from her head. The country's new president, John Magufuli, has vowed to clamp down on poaching. Green groups praise the efforts, but rangers on the ground say they're not ready for the fight.>> The poachers have better equipment which they use to do the poaching.
For example cars, they have very good cars, including motorcycles. They have military guns, which they are using to do poaching in the wilderness.>> At the top of the trafficking rings, foreigners like Chinese businesswoman Yang Feng Glan aka the Ivory Queen. Yang is accused of smuggling at least 700 tusks to big Asian markets like China.
She's now on trial, but is confident she can kick the charges. Meanwhile, a global campaign to crack down on the ivory trade is picking up speed. Earlier this year, Kenya destroyed 105 tons of ivory in a show of resolve. The world's top ivory markets, China and the United States, are putting in place almost total bans, and Hong Kong is working to clamp down on the local trade in ivory acquired before 1975.
But, despite the good news, elephant advocates say poaching will leave a painful legacy for years to come in the memories of young elephants who watched their mothers die.