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Tech

Gene editing poses policy dilemma for wary EU

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Tech

Gene editing poses policy dilemma for wary EU

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COMING UP:Gene editing poses policy dilemma for wary EU

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00:00:01
>> European regulators are putting off deciding how to describe plants like these. After years of conflict over the safety of genetically modified or GM plants, enter gene editing, a new technique sweeping the world of biotech. But should it be subject to the same stringent regulation?>> Barley plants at a research center in the east of England I'm Reuters reported Stuart McDill at the John Innes Centre outside of Norwich.
00:00:26
Some of these plants have been gene edited, some not. You can't tell the difference with the naked eye. Give one to a European regulator, they won't be able to tell the difference either.>> That's the problem scientists say. Professor Wendy Harwood's gene editing is increasing this crop's yield.
00:00:42
She says what she's doing is not genetic modification, because no foreign DNA stays in the plant after the editing process.>> There's no inserted DNA left in that plant. So it's not like GM, where you're actually inserting new genes. With gene editing you're making a small change and there's nothing left in the plants that we've created.
00:01:00
>> Unlike genetic modification, where a gene is added from another organism, gene editing involve targeting a specific gene, then deleting or amending it. The world's first pigs are being edited in the states, making them resistant to a common pig virus. And US consumers will soon be able to buy a mushroom that doesn't go brown.
00:01:20
Examples of why Europe should call this genetic modification, according to molecular biologist, Dr. David King.>> It happens to involve a slightly different set of molecules then are used in conventional genetic engineering. But the results are the same and they are very different. From classical breeding techniques.>> If gene editing ever makes it onto a European farm is up to the regulars and whether or not they impose the same restrictions as GM products.
00:01:49
Two deadlines for that decision have been and gone and no new one has been set.