>> When we fight?>> We win!>> The American union movement facing a major test in the deep South this week, as auto workers vote on whether to unionize at a Nissan plant in Canton, Mississippi. Nick Carey is following the story in Detroit.>> The UAW has been trying for decades, to organize plant in the South in the US.
And has failed at pretty much every juncture. They've spent an awful lot of time getting ready for this one, and it means a great deal both sides. If the UAW wins it, it will give them further ammunition to try and organize further in the South. But if the UAW loses, then it's gonna make it even harder for them next time around
>> In recent years, factories built by foreign firms have helped kickstart the Southern economy. Companies attracted by the region's low union membership and lower wages, compared to Detroit and the rest of the unionized Midwest, where many factories have closed. This week's vote has divided workers at the Canton plant, which builds Nissan SUVs and pickups.
Some seeing the chance for improved safety and a better retirement. Others, mindful of management's warning that organizing would not work in their favor. The union claims Nissan has threatened to close the plant if the vote succeeds, which is illegal. Nissan, denying they made the threat.>> So Nissan denies that and just says, look, all we're doing is giving our workers the facts, and we'll allow them to make their own decision.
>> The UAW has a lot riding on the vote, looking for its first big win in the South, after it tried to unionize a Volkswagen plant in Tennessee in 2014, but came up short.>> Auto makers have increasingly turned to automation. The unionized US automakers, they employ fewer people, so it's about numbers.
If they have negotiations coming up with the automakers in 2019, and if they can show success, and show they've got more workers unionized at more automakers, it gives them greater leverage. And if they don't, then it means that they're probably gonna be stuck with declining numbers still>> The results expected after voting concludes on Friday.