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>> I've been reporting here from the Villa de Juarez for the last couple of days. This is one of the most conflicted zones along the Mexican-US border. Frederick Daniel reporting for Reuters from Villa de Juarez, Mexico. Here at Tonio Guadalupe, just behind us and a touch out of sight, there's a large detention center that was opened just two months ago by the US authorities.
This detention center is a temporary detention center designed to house migrant families, who are increasingly coming across the border in groups. In the last three months there's have been an average of 45,000 per month along the whole border. And an increase of about 300 to 400% in this El Paso, Juarez area.
That's a record in recent years. I think in at least the last five years, there haven't been such high numbers. The reasons behind this surge are complex. Border control agents tell me on the US side at least half of these immigrants aren't even trying to hide. They're not running through the desert, trying to escape from border agents.
They're coming up, and again, they're knocking on the front door. Why are they turning themselves into border agents, you might ask yourself? Well, it's to do with the backlog in the immigration courts in the United States, and the fact that many people are seeking asylum. If you come in with a family, these days, you won't be thrown out of the country probably for up to two years, while your case is pending.
In that time you can escape the violence at home and even though you have a very slim chance of being allowed to stay in the United States, in that time perhaps you can work illegally and put some money together. Put some money aside and make your life better.
And I think the reporting that I've seen here in the last couple of days shows to me that building walls and higher fences, simple solutions that look good on paper, perhaps won't quickly resolve the really deeply engraved problems on both sides of the border