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>> The planet is showing no signs of cooling down. 2017 officially scorched its way into the record books as the second hottest worldwide. The third in a row of exceptionally warm years with 2016 still in the lead. The Copernicus Climate Change Service Report is the first by a major international weather agency to delve into 2017 temperatures, finding they averaged 14.7 degrees Celsius, or almost 58.5 Fahrenheit.
That's 1.2 degrees Celsius, or 2.2 Fahrenheit over pre industrial times. Reuters environment correspondent, Alister Doyle says records go back to the late 19th century.>> There's been a warming trend because of a buildup of man made greenhouse gases according to the overwhelming consensus among scientists, which is driving temperatures ever higher.
And that leads to more droughts, more floods, a rise in sea levels as Arctic ice melts and ice in Antarctica and glaciers worldwide start to melt.>> But 2017 was unique in that it was a normal year. In the past, extremely hot years, like 2016, were boosted by the El Nino weather event that happens every few years.
But last year was the hottest on record without that influence.>> There were extremes of weather, such as a series of Atlantic hurricanes that battered the Caribbean and the United States. There were wildfires in Portugal. There have been extremes of heat in many other parts of the world.
And even though it's very difficult to pin down any single event that's caused by climate change, the trend is that there are more and more of these extreme events.>> The report came the same day German reinsurer, Munich Re said insurers will have to pay claims of around $135 billion for 2017, the most ever following a spate of hurricanes, earthquakes and fires in North America.