>> The world's most iconic mausoleum is dying. That's according to historians and local guides at the Taj Mahal, who are calling for the government to protect the jewel of India. They're blaming one main culprit, pollution.>> The river is drying. A lot of waste goes out around here.
A lot of construction going other side.>> Pollution in Agra where the monument stands has jumped sharply over the past 30 years. The city sits on an industrial belt, and is ranked eighth in the world for air pollution. Local guides say that's damaging the beauty of the Taj, and turning the white marble of the wall into a murky yellow.
Where the monument's beauty is a big concern, the effect is creating another problem.>> The tourism getting less day by day. So we are requesting to the government, other people that they should do something to protect the Taj.>> According to experts, one of the main causes of pollution is that the Yamuna river is drying up.
Mix sewage in the water has led to a large number of insects, and the waste they produce is staining the Taj Mahal walls. Fumes from the clogged city roads aren't helping either. But there are still many who are fighting to save the building.>> This is a world monument, it is not confined within the boundaries.
Though it is in India and we are proud of it.>> M.C. Mehta is an environmental lawyer who has been fighting to protect the Taj for over three decades. He recently won support from India's top court which has instructed the government to take urgent steps to restore the monument.
That's what visitors are hoping for too.>> Well, of course, I hope they do.>> Yeah.>> Of course, I hope they take care of it. Yeah it's beautiful and it should be preserved.