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>> They've arrived on Europe shores in their thousands 2017 already breaking records for the number of migrants arriving by boat. And now it lease increasing its effort to give them a way out. Reuters corresponder in Rome Steve Scherer says until now the costs and difficulty of deporting so many, has put most government's off.
>> It wasn't that a major priority but now, because the political winds are shifting because anti immigration stands has become increasingly popular in Europe. The aim has been recently to increase deportations to discourage people from coming in the first place. To show that the respective governments are taking a stand and trying to send back people who don't qualify as refugees.
>> The hope is word will spread that it's not worth the trip. One program adopted by Italy and several other countries means any migrant can go home with money in their pocket if they apply voluntarily. They're given some cash when they leave and then when they arrive home around 1,600 Euros are invested on their behalf in something that will help get them back on their feet.
The program was introduced in Italy last September after success in some other countries including Germany.>> Forced deportations are very expensive. There's a lot of red tape with the country where they're being returned. So, a lot of times, that gets in the way and it makes it very expensive.
So, assisted voluntary returns are much cheaper and easier than forced deportations.>> Italy has funding to assist with 5,000 voluntary deportations this year, the main problem seems to be that nobody knows the solution exists. Italy's interior minister is planning to start an information campaign to change that. But the difficulty remains in trying to convince people who spent a lot of time and money, risking their lives to get there, only to turn around and go back home.