>> Inside the world's largest particle physics lab, this machine is getting a major upgrade, a $950 million upgrade to be precise. All in the hope of discovering fresh insights into the history of the universe. Reuters' Tom Miles is on site in Geneva for the launch. This is the European Nuclear Research Center where there's a huge Ring underground for the Large Hadron Collider, which is a particle accelerator where they smash together protons to look at the debris and try and find the secrets of the universe in the results of their experiments.
>> New buildings, access shafts, and service tunnels are all being added to this 27 kilometer long machine.>> Over the next ten years, they're gonna do work which eventually will allow them to shine a much brighter light onto the experiments that take place here. Increasing the luminosity of their particle smashing experiments tenfold to get much more data out of their experiments to find out what happens when particles smash together.
What will come out of this is not yet known, but the head of CERN, Fabiola Gianotti, told me she hopes that it will shed light on dark matter. And there could be Nobel prizes in offering in the next decades to come.>> Hooray!
>> CERN has been seeking the answers to some of the universe's biggest questions since 1954.
It was here that the worldwide web was born. And six years ago, scientists here confirmed the existence of the Higgs boson particle, which solved what was one of the enduring mysteries of physics, and earned a Nobel prize. After the upgrade, the Large Hadron Collider will produce at least 15 million Higgs bosons a year.