>> After years of decline due to heavy and unregulated poaching, Africa's elephant population is finally rebounding in a few southern states. It's mostly thanks to an international ban on trading ivory. And with those rising numbers comes a new call to reopen the ivory industry. But there is a regional divide.
and in the rest of the continent, elephants are still being decimated for their tusks to meet soaring demand in fast growing Asian economies, such as China.>> Because Kruger National Park is the largest game reserve in Africa. Here in South Africa's Kruger Park, the elephant population grows at an alarming rate, and can lead to problems such as food shortages if the animals are kept from migrating.
>> The issues in terms of the conservation of elephants that are faced in most of Africa and that is facing South Africa are very different. The Kruger is largely fenced as a reserve. And that means that the elephants that are there, while they can move around in the Kruger, they're restricted by the borders of the Kruger in terms of how they move.
And I contend that the issue is more with the land and their ability to use that land, than the fact that there are, as some people say too many elephants in the Kruger.>> The issue will be at the forefront of a meeting of the Conference on International Trade in Endangered Species or CITES.
It will happen in Johannesburg on Saturday, and most CITES countries are focusing on implementing the trade ban, and how to deal with corruption and poor law enforcement. But for the other half of the continent, the problem is overpopulation, and the issue of a cull is not perhaps what conservationists will want to hear.