FIRST AIRED: November 28, 2018

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00:00:00
>> A 1950 gold rush.>> Wherever there's gold, there's a rush of people eager to get their hands on it.>> A nice little lump worth 1,100 pounds.>> And the latest example of that is in Malawi. The precious metal was discovered last year in Nathenje on the outskirts of the capital Lilongwe sending would be small-scale miners in the impoverished nation racing to the area.
00:00:23
Onsi Nakalimi is one of them.>> I used to work as a watchman but my wages were really hand to mouth. I was very poor. But with this gold mine there has been a big change. I am already managing my family better and things look promising indeed.>> Malawi is periodically hit by severe food shortages and power outages as it struggles to keep its economy on track.
00:00:53
The gold from Nathenje is currently selling for around 25,000 Malawian kwacha, or 34 dollars a gram. For the thousands of villagers who flocked here, it's a lifeline.>> I spend my time here and on a daily basis I'm able to make enough money now, 10,000 to 50,000 kwacha per day.
00:01:13
And that is how I'm sustaining my family.>> But the rush could be short lived. Malawi is yet to regulate small scale and artisanal mining, but officials say that's going to change.>> It's an illegal activity which is now taking place in Malawi, and we don't want it.
00:01:29
That's why we say, at some point, they'll be ejected out of those places unless they follow the rules of the country.>> The Ministry of Natural Resources says it's finished a review of the country's 1981 Mines and Minerals Act, and that a bill is expected to be tabled in parliament before the end of the year.
00:01:48
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