>> A 1950 gold rush.>> Wherever there's gold, there's a rush of people eager to get their hands on it.>> A nice little lump worth 1,100 pounds.>> And the latest example of that is in Malawi. The precious metal was discovered last year in Nathenje on the outskirts of the capital Lilongwe sending would be small-scale miners in the impoverished nation racing to the area.
Onsi Nakalimi is one of them.>> I used to work as a watchman but my wages were really hand to mouth. I was very poor. But with this gold mine there has been a big change. I am already managing my family better and things look promising indeed.>> Malawi is periodically hit by severe food shortages and power outages as it struggles to keep its economy on track.
The gold from Nathenje is currently selling for around 25,000 Malawian kwacha, or 34 dollars a gram. For the thousands of villagers who flocked here, it's a lifeline.>> I spend my time here and on a daily basis I'm able to make enough money now, 10,000 to 50,000 kwacha per day.
And that is how I'm sustaining my family.>> But the rush could be short lived. Malawi is yet to regulate small scale and artisanal mining, but officials say that's going to change.>> It's an illegal activity which is now taking place in Malawi, and we don't want it.
That's why we say, at some point, they'll be ejected out of those places unless they follow the rules of the country.>> The Ministry of Natural Resources says it's finished a review of the country's 1981 Mines and Minerals Act, and that a bill is expected to be tabled in parliament before the end of the year.