FIRST AIRED: December 21, 2018

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00:00:00
>> The world's mountain of plastic garbage is growing despite government efforts. But in Indonesia, change may come from grassroots movements. Waste-free lifestyles and package-free shops are gaining momentum in a country with one of the world's biggest waste footprints and a limited recycling culture. Dinah Rakhmi is a three-year veteran of the movement.
00:00:20
She makes her own detergent and soap and shuns plastic bags. All in a bid to avoid generating trash destined for landfills, incinerators or the ocean.>>
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> Policymakers remain divided over how to meet environmental targets though without stifling the large and growing industry. The government has pledged up to $1 billion a year to tackle marine pollution, but at present, it's a battle against the tide.
00:00:42
>> Rakhmi was one of some spurred into action after this image went viral last month. A dead whale with nearly six kilograms of plastic waste in its stomach. Indonesia is estimated to be the world's second largest contributor of marine plastic after China. It also imports foreign trash for recycling, which created a $40 million trade surplus.
00:01:02
But a lot of it isn't recyclable anyway, and business groups are lobbying to lift caps on how much they can import. For now, the government says no.>>
00:01:18
At least 20 to 30% of it can't be used, and it'll be scrapped.>>
00:01:39
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