>> This is Pisang Batu river in West Java, Indonesia. It's full of plastic. Hundreds of tons of smelly rubbish collected every rainy rainy season.>> Every time it rains and floods, the whole village goes down to help with the rubbish and clean the river. We're never tired of it.
But the rubbish never stops coming. It comes from upstream.>> Every year Indonesia turns out about 3.2 million tons of trash formed mostly of plastic waste. Nearly half of that ends up in the sea. According to a study, the archipelago of more than 17,000 islands is estimated to be world's second largest contributor of plastic pollutions in the ocean, just behind China.
The severity of the problem with graphically highlighted in November last year, when a sperm whale was found washed up with 13 pounds of plastic waste in its stomach.>>
> Authorities already devote $1 billion a year to the issue, but the lack of recycling culture, or environmental awareness, makes reaching ambitious plastic waste targets more difficults.
>> There has been a bad clash, but I've seen a lot of citizens accepting and helping this movement, especially in social media, including tourists. They want to help replace plastic bags, too. This also occurs in traditional markets. So I think there's a positive correlation to tourism, because I think it's a global issue not just a national one.
>> As of January 2019, free plastic bags were banned in large supermarkets and grocery stores in Bali's capital. And there are plans to spread those measures to smaller stores in the coming years. Some hope for villagers downstream swamped by a very man-made problem.