>> In these somber caverns on the slopes of Mount Zion lies a little known memorial, marking one of the darkest episodes in world history. This is Jerusalem's Chamber of the the Holocaust, home to artifacts such as this jacket, which a Nazi officer ordered a Jewish prisoner to make from a scroll of the Torah.
The six-room cellar was established as a memorial four years after the end of the Second World War and one year after the founding of Israel. Its exhibits contributed by Holocaust survivors coming to the country as refugees.>> There was no cemetery. No grave. Their families have literally gone up in smoke.
So after the Holocaust, thousands of Holocaust survivors come to Israel as refugees. The Chamber of the Holocaust, Martef HaShoa, was built as a symbolic cemetery as a a place for Holocaust survivors to come and cry and mourn for their families who perished in the Holocaust.>> In contrast, Israel's official Holocaust memorial, the massive Yad Vashem Complex, the Chamber of the Holocaust is largely funded by private donations, and it's much less known to tourists.
On Sunday, the world marked Holocaust Memorial Day with events including a ceremony at Auschwitz and in Russia, a recreation of the final journey of some 5,000 Jewish prisoners from the Stutthof concentration camp.