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>> The seminal discoveries by the two laureates constitutes the paradigmatic shift and the landmark in the fight against cancer.>> Game-changing discoveries in cancer treatment are at the center of this year's Nobel Medicine Prize, with American James Allison and Japanese Tasuku Honjo honored Monday for their groundbreaking immunotherapy research.
In the 1990s the scientists discovered how to harness and manipulate the immune system, which quickly led to significant changes says Reuters correspondent Ben Hirschler.>> The discoveries that led to this prize are already changing cancer treatment. And have led to new classes of drugs that are transforming patients' lives in lung cancer and melanoma and bladder and kidney cancer, and so on.
>> The million dollar medicine prize is the first of the Nobels to be awarded. 2018 hasn't been easy for the foundation, which canceled the literature Prize for the first time in decades, after the awarding body became embroiled in a sexual misconduct scandal. Also on Monday, the man at the center of it, Jean-Claude Arnault, was found guilty of rape.
The 72-year-old is married to a member of the Swedish academy, which is now fighting to rebuild its reputation.>> It will overshadow things to some extent. It is a different institution that awards the literature prize from the science prizes, so there's some distance between them. There's also always the option that the Nobel Foundation might choose a different institution to award the prizes in future if things don't change to their satisfaction.