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00:00:00
>> The 2018 Nobel Prize in Physics.>> Breakthroughs in laser pulses and optical tweezers have been recognized with a Nobel Prize. The Physics award was given to Scientists, Arthur Ashkin, Gerard Mourou, and Donna Strickland, on Tuesday. Ashkin invented optical tweezers that could grab particles, atoms, viruses, and other living cells.
00:00:21
Mourou and Strickland separately, created the shortest and most powerful laser pulses ever. Reuter's Ben Hirschler's been following the story.>> Probably the most obvious way that this has been put to work is in corrective eye surgery. Which is now becoming a procedure that's used very widely around the world, but also, you can do very precise machining of materials.
00:00:43
For all sorts of electronics and also in research purposes, and in the future, we can explore the quantum world by using these machines.>> American, Ashkin, won half of the prize, Frenchman, Mourou, and Canadian, Strickland, will share the other half of the $1 million. Strickland becomes only the third woman ever, to win a Nobel Prize for Physics, the last was 55 years ago.
00:01:06
>> Well, I think it's very significant, and in fact, the Nobel Prize givers last year said they wanted to see more women getting prizes. So it's good that that's come through, and of course, it has a certain
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Because just this week, we've had a big controversy about comments from a Physicist in Cern.
00:01:24
Saying that Physics was invented and built by men.>> You take shortcuts.>> The Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences says the inventions being honored revolutionized Laser Physics. And the discoveries have helped create extremely precise instruments used in industrial and medical applications.