>> Volkswagen on Friday put on three years of probation in the US in which the automaker will be under the watchful eye of an independent monitor approved by the court. It was also hit with a $2.8 billion criminal fine as part of the total $4.3 billion federal settlement, it agreed to in January.
The federal judge who delivered the ruling in Detroit, expressing shock at what he called, quote, a case of deliberate and massive fraud. And ordered the worlds biggest auto maker to make significant reforms. Volkswagen pleaded guilty in March to fraud, lying, and obstruction of justice for installing secret software in over half a million US vehicles, cheating on emissions tests.
But the scandal is not totally put to rest. Volkswagen has pledged up to 25 billion to compensate US drivers and dealers, and it still faces the outcome of a criminal probe in its home country, Germany.