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00:00:01
>> They've revolutionized how scientists capture images of molecules to see them in action. A trio of Swiss, American, and British scientists winning this year's Chemistry Nobel on Wednesday for developing cryo-electron microscopy. Sweden's Nobel Academy saying the work by Jacques Dubochet, Joachim Frank, and Richard Henderson has moved biochemistry into a new era.
00:00:22
>> Many structures of molecules in the cell can now be captured that could not be captured before. And so the whole range of application of structural biology will expand.>> Reuters senior correspondent Ben Hushler explains.>> So, the new technology takes things to another level because effectively you can freeze a molecule in mid-movement and take a picture of it, and then take another picture.
00:00:51
And you can see by doing that, building up a sort of freeze frame collection of images. You can effectively get a film of how it's behaving, and then also how its interaction with other molecules in its environment. In that past, it's been really hard to see what's going on in real time, and see how molecules interact partly because when you use an electron microscope, you destroy the biological material.
00:01:13
>> The technology helped scientists map the Zika virus, which was linked to an epidemic of brain damaged babies in Brazil last year. That jumped started the search for treatments.>> Well, obviously it tells scientists a lot more about basic functioning of biology. But it also opens up new avenues for drug research because most modern drugs now work with inside cells, so we need to know exactly how the different molecules are interacting.
00:01:39
>> The $1.1 million Chemistry Nobel prize is the third of this year's crop to be announced after medicine and physics earlier this week.