>> Tensions rising on the Gaza Strip once again. It's the worst fighting since 2014, but the unrest is being carefully calibrated by Hamas, the Islamist group that controls Gaza. It wants to signal defiance of Israel and the United States, while being careful not to trigger a new war for the enclave's penned-in Palestinians.
Since President Donald Trump recognized Jerusalem as Israel's capital early last month, Palestinians in Gaza have launched a wave of cross-border rockets and mortars after three and a half years of relative quiet. For Israel's part, Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu's government has counseled caution. And targeted mostly unmanned Hamas facilities and night time air strikes.
> So you're talking about weakening here and weakening there, until when can the sides be tolerant to this weakening. This is the big question. The second thing is that a rocket might fall by mistake, or an Israeli plane could hit some place by mistake, and any of the two sides will suffer injuries or casualties.
This could explode the situation without the sides planning on it.>> Both sides share a reluctance to go to war again, but that doesn't mean they aren't preparing. Israeli children close to the border practice duck-and-cover drills, should air raid sirens sound. And residents think twice about their activities.
>> We are ready all the time, but we are always getting ready. We are always being prepared, but lately we do feel that there are more presence of the army. That there are more activity going on.>> Hamas has responded to Trump's move by mobilizing mass protests at the border.
A more violent response was rejected after debate among Palestinian factions, who agreed that an armed confrontation could erode international support. But ordinary Israeli's and Palestinians are keenly aware, a single incident could set off events beyond their leader's control.