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COMING UP:Share Opener Variant 4



>> Some conservation groups are making a change in strategy in how they fight climate change in the courts. Putting aside the usual routes like regulation or taxes and looking instead to a country's most basic law, its constitution. Reuters' Alister Doyle is at the Bonn Climate Change Conference.>> Overall around the world there are about 900 cases where people are trying to sue companies, governments for inaction on climate change.
And in some cases they are looking at the constitution saying that the government is violating people's rights by failing to act enough. In Norway for example there is a case where Greenpeace and another green organization is accusing the government of violating the constitution's provisions for protecting nature by allowing oil drilling in the Arctic.
>> A similar case in the United States revolves around activists who claim that global warming threatens the rights to life, liberty and property as written by the Fifth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution. It will be heard in February after both the Obama and Trump administrations failed to have it thrown out of court.
Some constitutional arguments have seen victories, such as a Dutch case two years ago that ordered its government to cut greenhouse emissions more than they'd planned. But the Netherlands is appealing and some analysts say constitutions might not be a realistic target.>> So some people say it's a stretch.
Of course, an organization like Greenpeace, if it loses, it will have to pay the government's expenses. So it could be landed with a bill of half a million dollars perhaps. So from that point of view, this is not a stunt and this could set a precedent for other places to say that 90 constitutions around the world mention the environment.
And you're violating the Constitution by not protecting the environment enough.>> Norway is among 200 countries signed to the Paris Climate Agreement which the Trump Administration has withdrawn from.