FIRST AIRED: April 24, 2018

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00:00:00
>> These Egyptian farmers in the Nile Delta village of Kafr Ziada should be starting to plant their summer crop of rice. But they're being forced to change their way of farming because of a new mega dam, thousands of miles south in Ethiopia. Rice is a water-intensive crop, it's been banned here for a while, but the authorities turned a blind eye.
00:00:21
Now that the threat of water scarcity looms, they're cracking down.>>
FOREIGN]
> Most of Egypt's population lives, farms, and works along the Nile, the country's life blood. But close to one of its sources, Ethiopia is planning to start filling the reservoir of its Grand Renaissance Dam. Perhaps as soon as this year.
00:00:38
I don't know, just because I planted rice.>>
00:00:57
It plans to link tens of millions to electricity for the first time and to become Africa's biggest power generator. The dam has stoked fears of war and several years of negotiations, talks between Egypt, Ethiopia, and Sudan stalled in April. How drastically the farmers of Kafr Ziada are affected depends on how quickly Ethiopia fills the dam.
00:01:20
Egypt wants it to take seven to ten years, but Addis Ababa says three. Egypt's booming population, along with climate change, means tackling water use is long overdue. But since it's too late to switch crops for the summer, these small scale farmers fear they will be the ones bearing the brunt.