>> This missile attack earlier in the week on Riyadh caused the first death in the city, as the war in Yemen spilled over into Saudi's capital, reminding Saudis who may have never felt they were at war that they're still embroiled in one over the border. The Saudi led coalition, fighting Yemen's Houthi Movement, are accusing Iran of providing the missiles, something they deny, but direct confrontation between these arch foes still appears unlikely, says Reuters' correspondent Katie Paul.
>> The real risk here is one of miscalculation. Iran may see opportunity with the existence of more hawkish figures in the US foreign policy establishment now in government to escalate in some way in which case Saudi Arabia may feel compelled to respond. But most diplomats and analysts at this point don't see great military options, and so they expect that there will be an escalation in rhetoric, but not so much in practice and not much expansion of the war beyond Yemen's borders.
>> An escalation also wouldn't help the mission of the kingdom's crown prince. Mohammad bin Salman is currently in the US trying to pitch Saudi Arabia as a great place for foreign investors. With the conflict in Yemen entering its fourth year, diplomats and analysts say that the coalition has few options left, unless it's prepared to take direct action against an Iranian target.
The crown prince must balance animosity towards Iran with the need for stability, to help his plans for economic transformation.